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It is in his work the Categories that Aristotle presents the concept of substance, a concept which will serve as the foundation for much of his philosophical system. Substance, for Aristotle, is not a universal, but rather, it is the particular; substance is not a "such," but a "this.
Rather it is that which makes the subject numerically one; it is that which makes the subject the individual. Substance is "an individual man and [or] an individual horse.
There are four characteristics of substances: In the Physics, Aristotle addresses that which constitutes Natural Objects as substances. He states that all Natural Substances consist of both form and matter. Matter is that out of which the substance arises and form is that into which the matter develops.
In building a table, the wood, nails, etc.
Aristotle explains that all substances contain within themselves the origin of their change and movement. He continues by stating that the change which can occur is due to four possible natural causes: Formal and material cause are self explanatory, in that it is the form or the matter of the substance which is responsible for the change within the substance.
We should begin the explanation of actuality and potentially by saying that form can be seen as the actuality of the substance while matter is the potential for that form to exist.
The best way to illustrate this is through the analogy of the building of a house. The materials, bricks and wood, should be seen as the matter, the potentially to become a house.
The end-result, the house, is the form, it is the potential made actual. The building of the house itself, the movement, is analogous to the four types of causes Aristotle says exist in substances. One could also say that there is a final or teleological cause taking place as well, that the motive is to build a house which serves the purpose of "house-ness", namely that the house is one in which people can live.
Through this analogy one can begin to see the nature of each of the causes which can exist within a given substance. First, however, an introduction to the idea of the "Unmoved Mover" is necessary.
This object or state is the "Unmoved Mover. Thus, it is not moving, yet moves other things to attempt to achieve perfection; this thing is the final cause of the universe.
This is to say that the acts of humans can either be done for themselves intrinsic or can be done as a means to something else extrinsic.
The underlying goal of all our action, Aristotle calls the "good", but along with the "good," comes happiness. For Aristotle, then, all human are just trying to be happy. The good life, then, is a life of happiness; Aristotle says such a life can be achieved by excellence arete in two areas of virtue: First, we will have to analyze moral virtue in order to understand fully the notion of intellectual virtue.
More or less, for Aristotle, the life of moral virtue, not being an exact science, is a life of moderation.
This is a common theme with most all the ancient philosophers and authors especially the playwrights. It is practical wisdom which is not "a priori," but rather it is a learned trade which varies from situation to situation; it can not be taught, it must be learned from experience.Aristotle A Comprehensive View on Nature and Society Limited Time Offer at Lots of benjaminpohle.com!!!
We have made a special deal with a well known Professional Research Paper company to offer you up to 15 professional research papers per month for . Aristotle had a lifelong interest in the study of nature. He investigated a variety of different topics, ranging from general issues like motion, causation, place and time, to systematic explorations and explanations of natural phenomena across different kinds of .
|Aristotle: A Comprehensive View On Nature And Society Essays||The essays are ideal for those taking examinations in English Literature. A Comprehensive View on Nature and Society In order to fully understand Aristotle's views on a natural system, it is necessary to first explain some general principles of his philosophy.|
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Aristotle: A Comprehensive View on Nature and Society In order to fully understand Aristotle's views on a natural system, it is necessary to first explain some general principles of his philosophy.
aristotle: a comprehensive view on nature and society In order to fully understand Aristotle's views on a natural system, it is necessary to first explain some general principles of his philosophy.