Battle Analysis of St.
Pershing launches its first major offensive operation as an independent army during World War I.
After lending much-needed support to the exhausted French forces at Belleau Wood in June and in the Second Battle of the Marne in July, Pershing and Allied Supreme Commander Ferdinand Foch decided that the 1st Army of the AEF should establish its headquarters in the Saint-Mihiel sector and prepare a front facing the Saint-Mihiel salient, a triangular wedge of land between Verdun and Nancy, in northeastern France, that had been occupied by the Germans since the fall of By heavily fortifying the area, the Germans had effectively blocked all rail transport between Paris and the Eastern Front.
In mid-August, the AEF was given the task of leading an attack on the salient; it would be its first independent operation of the war. Foul weather plagued the offensive as much as the enemy troops, as the trenches filled with water and the fields turned to mud, bogging down many of the tanks.
By September 16,Saint-Mihiel and the surrounding area were free of German occupation. The American forces immediately shifted further south, to a new offensive near the Argonne Forest and the Meuse River, where they combined with British and French forces to further hammer the Germans, as the Allies moved ever closer to victory in World War I.The World War I St.
Mihiel American Cemetery and Memorial in France, acres in extent, contains the graves of 4, of our military dead. The majority of these died in the offensive that resulted in the reduction of the St.
Mihiel salient that threatened Paris. On this day in , the American Expeditionary Force (AEF) under the command of General John J.
Pershing launches its first major offensive operation as an independent army during World War I. During World War II, General Patton drew upon these personal leadership principles when he prepared for an attack on the German salient in the Ardennes Forest.
Today, the battle of St. Mihiel teaches modern tactical commanders the necessity to issue clear and concise operations orders that allow small unit leaders the freedom to carry out their.
St. Mihiel Sector Looking East from Mont Sec The 1st and 42nd Divisions Attacked Across the Woevre Plain, From Right to Left.
The First Tank Attack in U.S. History Was Mounted Here in Support of the 42nd Division, Led by George Patton. Medal of Honor Recipients: World War I. ALLWORTH, EDWARD C. Rank and organization: Captain, U.S. Army, 60th Infantry, 5th Division. World War 1 weapons: War on land was dominated by guns and gas, in air, by planes and bombs, under sea by subs and torpedoes.