The Suez Canal was opened inafter ten years of work financed by the French and Egyptian governments. The canal instantly became strategically important, as it provided the shortest ocean link between the Mediterranean and the Indian Ocean. The canal eased commerce for trading nations and particularly helped European colonial powers to gain and govern their colonies. Inas a result of debt and financial crisis, Egypt was forced to sell its shares in the canal operating company to the British government of Benjamin Disraeli.
Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. Within a few hours, the Israeli airstrike devastated the Egyptian air force. Fighting on three different fronts against the combined might of three Arab armies; Israel would win a war within six days.
Research on the causes of the Six-Day war, and the military tactics can help one understand how Israel achieved this astonishing victory, and how the results of this war affect Israel today.
In35 raids were conducted against Israel. Inthe number increased to In just the first four months of37 attacks were launched. The targets were always civilians Bard. King Hussein viewed the PLO as a direct and indirect threat to his power; he feared that they might try to depose him.
Because of his fears, Hussein had the PLO offices in Jerusalem closed, arrested members of the PLO, and withdrew recognition of the organization, thereby betraying the Arab cause. The Syrian army used the Golan Heights to shell Israeli farms and villages, forcing citizens to sleep in bomb shelters.
These attacks finally provoked a retaliatory strike on April 7, During the attack, Israeli planes shot down six Syrian fighter planes. In early Junetensions in the Middle East were rising.
Israel faced the grim prospect of a simultaneous invasion from Egypt, Syria, and Jordan. The combined Arab armies had a massive superiority in numbers of soldiers, tanks, and fighter aircrafts.
The general mood in the Arab world was that Israel could be defeated because it was not that strong; yet against most expectations, the opposite happened. Israel decided to preempt the anticipated Arab attack using the element of surprise.
In less than a week, Israel had defeated its Arab neighbors. A military coalition between Egypt and Syria meant Israel would be facing battles on at least two fronts: It also seemed possible that both Jordan and Iraq would add their weight to the Arab force.
The best form of defense would be a strong offense, a preemptive strike. To fight the war the way it wanted, Israel would need to gain air superiority. The primary objective was to keep the Arab air forces on the ground by disabling their runways. The only problem was that their enemies had more than 50 runways and Israel had only aircrafts, so it would be nearly impossible to keep enough aircrafts in the air to destroy all their targets.
The maximum amount of missions an aircraft could do in 24 hours used to be three missions. A bright staff officer in the Israeli air force realized that the Israeli air force could turn around an aircraft after a mission in six to eight minutes.
Everything would depend on how fast the ground crews could work for the aircrafts to complete another mission. The ground crew completed many exercises and drills until they took no more than seven minutes to reload and refuel the aircrafts: If the ground crew worked to their limit, each aircraft could fly up to five mission in one day.
Each pilot had to learn and remember by heart the direction of the runways, the amount of runways, the control tower, and the storage of bombs. Ground crews competed with each other to see who could turn around a fighter aircraft fastest, pilots bombed dummy airbases modeled in the layout of the real targetsand they were constantly tested on their ability to memorize every detail of their mission.
Preparations for war on the Arab side progressed at a different pace: They did not prepare for any kind of serious confrontation with Israel. Despite this less intense preparation, on May 14, President Nasser deployed his troops in the Sinai Desert.
Israel responded by mobilizing its reserve army. On the morning of June 5, Israel fired the first shots that began the Six-Day war. Egypt was hit by a massive preemptive air strike. The Egyptian air force was caught cold and during the first wave of attacks, eleven Egyptian airbases were obliterated.
The Israeli plan of targeting runways first had worked perfectly. Unable to take off, Egyptian aircrafts were sitting ducks. Now that Israel gained air superiority, their ground forces could take center stage.
The focus of operations was now on the Sinai Desert, where the borders of Israel and Egypt met. The Sinai Desert consisted of a vast expanse of difficult terrain with impassable sand dunes. The Egyptians had already constructed formidable defenses in the Sinai Desert, so a head on clash would have been potentially disastrous for the Israeli army.Civil Rights Argumentative Essay About Same Sex Marriage.
This Argumentative essay will discuss the argument of same sex marriage. The contents are: meaning, brief background and thesis statement for the Introduction; for the Body of the discussion is the counter argument; and for the conclusion part: the summary and the restatement of the thesis statement.
The Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue University houses writing resources and instructional material, and we provide these as a free service of the Writing Lab at Purdue. THE ARAB-ISREALI SIX-DAY WAR AN ANALSIS USING THE PRINCIPLES OF WAR by Thomas E.
Glazer LtCol, USMC The Arab-Israeli Six-day War, an Analysis Using the Principles of War Contract Number Grant Number Program Element Number Author(s) Glazer, Thomas E. Project Number Task Number.
Analysis of the Six-Day War June 5 Israel delivers a stunning opening blow in the Six-Day war. Within a few hours, the Israeli airstrike devastated the Egyptian air force. Articles for New Whither Innovation?: Why Open Systems Architecture May Deliver on the False Promise of Public-Private Partnerships.
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