A Case Study Tamil Wikipedia: A case study accepted for presentation at Wikimania Acknowledgment The author thanks NatkeeranRavishankarSelvakumarKarthickbalaand fellow Tamil Wikipedia editors for feedback and other inputs. Abstract Three distinct growth phases have been identified in this case study of Tamil Wikipedia since late Several distinct characteristics of the Wikipedia and its editors are identified.
Tamilar, Tamilian Orientation Identification.
Indian Tamils are those who speak Tamil. The state issquare kilometers in area and was formed along with other linguistic states after the independence of India.
It is mostly a sunny plain draining eastward with the Kaveri River basin in its center. The Western Ghats are mountains separating Tamil Nadu from Kerala; these rise to 2, meters in two places, near the mountain towns of Ootacamund and Kodaikanal. The rest of the state is tropical and moderately hot, with virtually no winter.
Most of the rain comes with the northeast monsoon beginning in October, while the southwest monsoon begins in June. Rainfall is roughly 75 centimeters per year, but with the high evaporation and runoff, much of the state is semiarid, with large stretches of thorn-tree wasteland.
There is no apparent source of more water for the state's agriculture, industry, and cities—nor is there enough water to support further population growth—and shortages are already occurring.
There are about 60 million Indian Tamils.
The census counted There are perhaps 5 million Tamils around Bangalore and elsewhere in India, and a lesser number of Telugus and other ethnic groups in Tamil Nadu. The state has 1, males per 1, females, a marginal surplus compared with all of India.
The density is persons per square kilometer, compared with for India as a whole. Literacy of persons above age 7 is 64 percent.
Annual population growth has come down to 1. Tamils are about 38 percent urban, the highest such percentage of any major ethnic group in India.
Tamil belongs to the Dravidian Language Stock, which includes at least 21 languages mostly in south and central India and is altogether different from the Indo-Aryan languages of north India. The four largest Dravidian languages are spoken in the four linguistic states comprising south India.
The language and script of modern Tamil are directly descended from the Tamil of more than 2, years ago, and because of high consciousness about the purity of the language there has been some tendency to resist incorporation of Sanskrit or Hindi words.
The modern Regional spoken dialects of Tamil, including the Tamil of Sri Lankado not differ widely, but standard literary Tamil as taught in schools does differ grammatically. Malayalam, the language of Kerala, was considered in the ancient literature as Tamil, but in medieval centuries it gained status as a separate language.
History and Cultural Relations. Tamils consider their language to be the "most pure" of the major Dravidian Languages. Its roots are from western India, Pakistanand further westward. Dravidian must have been spoken in the Indus Civilization around b.
There is no hint of the earlier Languages that might have been spoken in south India by cattlekeeping cultures or the hunters. The ancient literature defines Tamil Nadu as reaching from Tirupati a sacred hill northwest of Madras to Cape Comorin.
Writing, urbanization, classical kingship, and other aspects of complex Indian civilization came to Tamil Nadu about the fifth to second centuries b. There are also legends of early cities, including an ancient city of Madurai on the coast. The earliest Tamil inscriptions are in Buddhist and Jain caves of about the second century b.
The Colas developed a magnificent civilization in the tenth to thirteenth centuries, and for a time they ruled Sri Lanka, the Maldives, and large parts of Indonesia.
Tamils were never absorbed by a north Indian kingdom, but from the sixteenth century the land was ruled by Telugu-speaking dynasties from the Vijayanagar Empire. The process of Sanskritization, partial assimilation into the overarching Indian pattern of civilization, progressed in late medieval centuries.Keywords: tamil books online shopping, tamil books, buy tamil books online, tamil books buy online, online tamil books shopping, tamil books online,, சூழலியல் கல்வி (Environmental studies), முனைவர்.சி.
Weather Report in Tamil, Weather Tamil News, Tamilnadu Weather, Environment. மனிதனால் சுற்றுச் சூழல் அடையும்.
Asian Development Bank and Sri Lanka: Fact Sheet (Tamil) The ADB program in Sri Lanka has provided loans, grants and technical assistance to grow the country’s economy and improve the lives of people, particularly the poor, women, children and other vulnerable groups.
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Journal of Polymers & the Environment, 15(4), Environment refers to the surrounding (both living and non-living) of the livings species. The human-beings, plants, animals and other living beings operate in the environment.
The human-beings, plants, animals and other living beings operate in the environment. Definition of Environment in the Online Tamil Dictionary. Meaning of Environment. Tamil Translations of Environment.
Information about Environment in the free online Tamil dictionary.