By highest quality, we mean standards that provide users of financial statements with information that is clear, useful, and relevant to their needs, while considering whether the expected benefits of that information justify the costs of providing and using it. The FASB believes that seeking more comparable global accounting standards—improving the quality of accounting standards used around the world while reducing differences among those standards—is consistent with its core mission. Investors, companies, auditors, and other participants in the U.
The fundamental use case that guides the rules is the publication, by a single organisation, of its financial reports, and the consumption of those financial reports by many, initially unknown, users and software applications. The rules are written with general principles in mind: Guidelines in this document that cater to human readers are recommendations should, should not rather than imperatives must, must not.
Imperatives are reserved for those rules upon which authors of automated processing, analysis, and comparison software could rely to simplify consumption of XBRL instances.
Duplicated information needlessly increases processing time, and may confuse human readers. In particular, any information that is inferable from XBRL defaults should not appear at all.
Content that would be discarded by an XBRL instance processor and that does not contribute to human readability should not appear at all. Instances that use only taxonomies, units, entity identifier schemes, segments, and scenarios that appear in registries with schemas that are universally accessible, version controlled, and royalty free, are easier to consume, analyse, and compare.
This document assumes a working knowledge of the XBRL 2. To many readers with XML experience, some of the guidelines in this document will be common sense. Certain other rules are motivated by particular features of XBRL, and the reasoning behind the requirement may be less obvious.
Where appropriate the rules are accompanied by a brief rationale. Parts of this document reiterate for expository clarity certain syntactic and semantic restrictions imposed by XBRL, but this document does not modify XBRL. This document does place additional restrictions beyond those prescribed by XBRL.
This document also refers to FRTA 1. Together they aim to maximise the usability and comparability of XBRL-encoded financial information.
AICPA Findings Reveal 45% Drop in XBRL Costs for Small Companies. As reported in July, it was great news to hear that the cost of XBRL formatting for small US reporting . The IFRS or the International Financial Reporting Standard is the standard issued in order to provide the common global language for the business affairs so as to make all the company accounts understandable and comparable across the international boundaries. FASB chair remarks on comparability in global financial reporting Oct 16, FASB Chairman Russell Golden gave a speech in Tokyo to members of Keidanren (Japanese business organization) and FEI Japan concerning efforts taken in Japan and the United States to achieve greater comparability in global financial reporting.
It begins with a consideration of general issues, and then discusses each instance component in detail: The second part Section A collects rejected rules to provide insight into the scope of this document. Terminology used in XBRL frequently overlaps with terminology from other fields.
Term Meaning arcroleRef, child, concept, context, duplicate item, descendant, DTS, duplicate tuple, element, entity, fact, footnote, instance, item, linkbase, linkbaseRef, period, roleRef, schemaRef, taxonomy, taxonomy schema, tuple, unit As defined in XBRL.
The bounds of a DTS are such that DTS Components include all taxonomy schemas and linkbases that can be discovered by following links or references in the taxonomy schemas and linkbases included in the DTS.
These include, in particular: Financial report A document containing quantitative and textual information that is either: This excludes transaction- or journal-level reporting, primarily narrative and non-financial quantitative reports.
Persisting instance persisting DTS A persisting instance is one whose purpose is to be stored as files to be referenced by many applications and published in some fashion.
Only a persisting instance requires documentation.Investors, companies, auditors, and other participants in the U.S. financial reporting system benefit from the increased comparability that can result from the closer alignment of standards used internationally. The IFRS or the International Financial Reporting Standard is the standard issued in order to provide the common global language for the business affairs so as to make all the company accounts understandable and comparable across the international boundaries.
The Conceptual Framework identifies comparability as a qualitative characteristic of useful financial reporting information. This paper explains what comparability is, why comparability is.
ESMA’s REVIEW OF COMPARABILITY OF IFRS FINANCIAL STATEMENTS OF FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS IN EUROPE INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL REPORTING BULLETIN /23 STATUS Final EFFECTIVE DATE Immediate ACCOUNTING IMPACT Focus areas for European enforcers; due to global coordination among national enforcers.
In particular, comparability is the qualitative characteristic that enables users to identify and understand similarities in, and differences among, items; comparability aides investors, lenders and other creditors in making informed capital allocation decisions; and achieving comparability depends on firms applying a common set of financial reporting standards and on requirements in the standards, especially .
Worldwide application of IFRS 3, IAS 38 and IAS 36, related disclosures, and determinants of non-compliance ACCA RESEARCH REPORT Ioannis Tsalavoutas.