Board of Educationwhich outlawed segregated education, or the Montgomery Bus Boycott and culminated in the late s or early s. Despite the fact that they were not always united around strategy and tactics and drew members from different classes and backgrounds, the movement nevertheless cohered around the aim of eliminating the system of Jim Crow segregation and the reform of some of the worst aspects of racism in American institutions and life. Much of our memory of the Civil Rights Movement of the s and s is embodied in dramatic photographs, newsreels, and recorded speeches, which America encountered in daily papers and the nightly news.
Folktales from Louisiana Introduction A basic principle in the study of folklore and anthropology is that in order to understand a cultural feature, one must understand the context in which it exists.
Therefore, to understand a basket, dance, song, ritual, or story, one must know about the maker, dancer, singer, practitioner, or teller. One must understand the culture or setting in which it is made or performed. Only then can one know its significance and function within the cultural region for the people.
One must take a holistic look at the integrated system to understand each part. Louisiana's diverse cultural landscapes include small towns, urban areas, bayou communities, and rural areas. Therefore, when one examines the traditions of an entire state, it is important to understand the cultures within the state and how they relate to each other.
This is particularly true of Louisiana, because of the state's complex cultural milieu. Hence, here follows a brief overview of Louisiana's traditional cultures.
Although no article can do justice to the folk cultures of the state, it is important to provide a sketch of the peoples and their regions as a background for the stories that follow.
It is trite to say that Louisiana is culturally diverse. The truth is that few people realize the degree of complexity and variation in the cultures of the state.
Each group has added to the cultural environment of Louisiana and in varying ways influenced the traditions found here. Geographers and historians have documented many of the settlement patterns and the waves of immigration into most parts of Louisiana.
Louisiana State University geographer Fred Kniffen laid the foundation for understanding Louisiana's settlement patterns during the s Kniffen More recently, Malcolm Comeaux investigated the Atchafalaya Basin settlement patterns and folk occupations, University of Southwestern Louisiana historian Carl Brasseaux focused on French Louisiana settlement patterns Brasseaux andand historian Gwendolyn Midlo Hall documented the earliest influx of Africans into Louisiana via slavery from the Senegambian region of West Africa Hall Building on this base of cultural geography and history, Louisiana folklore research has led to several publications that provide a foundation, stimulating further study.
A Guide to the Stateedited by the program's first director, Nicholas R.
Spitzer, is the most comprehensive state publication of its type. Frank de Caro's Folklife in Louisiana Photography provides a comprehensive overview of the photographic record.
Other publications have focused tightly on a specific group, region, or genre: Since the advent of the Louisiana Folklife Program inmany researchers have worked with the program to present their research in various formats to the general public.
These researchers have explored numerous topics, but most generally focus on certain aspects of particular ethnic communities or folklore genres, including North Louisiana quilters Roachnorth-central Louisiana British- and African-American folk cultures Roach-LankfordCajun musicians and culture Ancelet and a; Ancelet et al.
The Louisiana Crafts Program and Folklife Program also produced publications featuring individuals involved with specific programs: This essay draws on these publications and the research conducted by cultural specialists folklorists, cultural anthropologists, cultural geographers, ethnomusicologists and the non-academically-trained community scholars.
Readers seeking more detailed information should refer to these publications and for a historical overview of folklife research to de Caro's article in Louisiana Folklife: A Guide to the State Many of the folk crafts mentioned in this article are displayed in The Creole State:A BRIEF HISTORY OF VOODOO.
The practice of Voodoo is probably as old as the African continent itself. Sometimes written Voudou, Vodou or Voudun, the word itself means God Creator or Great Spirit.
Haitian Revolution; Part of the Atlantic Revolutions, French Revolutionary Wars, and Napoleonic Wars.: Battle at San Domingo, a painting by January Suchodolski, depicting a struggle between Polish troops in French service and the slave rebels and freed revolutionary soldiers.
The history of HIV and AIDS spans almost years, from its origin in the s, to the global epidemic we know today. RACE, CULTURE, AND EQUALITY 1 by Thomas Sowell. During the 15 years that I spent researching and writing my recently completed trilogy on racial and cultural issues, 2 I was struck again and again with how common huge disparities in income and wealth have been for centuries, in countries around the world-- and yet how each country regards its own particular disparities as unusual, if not unique.
A BRIEF HISTORY OF VOODOO. The practice of Voodoo is probably as old as the African continent itself. Sometimes written Voudou, Vodou or Voudun, the word itself means God Creator or Great Spirit. When most Americans think of the Civil Rights Movement, they have in mind a span of time beginning with the Supreme Court’s decision in Brown v.
Board of Education, which outlawed segregated education, or the Montgomery Bus Boycott and culminated in the late s or early s. The movement.