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Merits and Demerits of Two-party system — Comprehensive Essay Article shared by The chief merit of the two-party system is that it ensures more permanent and stable cabinets than those formed under the multiple- party system.
All ministers are taken from one single party which is returned to the legislature in a majority. The political homogeneity makes them well-organised and responsible team workers who play the game of politics with singleness of purpose under the captaincy of their accredited leader, whose undisputed authority they all accept and respect.
They rise and fall in unison and are individually and collectively responsible for the policy which the cabinet initiates and they carry out. Their strength is like that of an iron rod.
Practically, every ministry, under a multiple-party system, is a coalition ministry, a combination of heterogeneous political elements with nothing common in them by way of principle. As no one party under a multiple-party system is sufficiently representative of the nation as a whole to form a government without drawing upon other sections of opinion and influence, the leaders of such groups simply compromise to come to a working agreement.
Such a ministry is uncertain of its existence from day to day. They continue to work together so long as they can be made to agree. Their strength is like that of an iron chain with many links. As soon as one link loosens the whole chain disintegrates. Similarly, when one combining group falls out, the government falls.
In France, for example, between andthere were a total of 88 Ministries, with an average life of less than nine months. During the same period Britain had 18 Ministries, lasting an average of three and a half years.
Nor is there any possibility of venturing an ambitious plan. But a multi-party system does not necessarily lead to governmental instability.
A number of countries have shown governmental stability for the most part as Switzerland, the Scandinavian countries, the Netherlands, Israel and Germany.
France and Italy provide the best examples and warnings of governmental instability. Dual-party system secures a representative government in the real sense. It provides the only method by which the electors, at the time of election, directly choose the government.
Both the parties have their well-defined programmes and a direct appeal is made to the electorate on that basis. The electors choose between the programmes and decide about the party which is to come to power.
Two parties, thus, bring the electorate to a point where they are faced by a simple alternative. One of the two parties will win a majority and become responsible for the enactment of policies; the other will be the Opposition; both homogeneous with their clearly defined policies which they had put before the electorate at the time of the General Election and which they sustain while nursing their constituencies.
The multiple groups have no party organisation. Sometimes they have no organisation outside the legislature, and they have no programme to lay before the electors. The electors vote for personalities and not for programmes. They do not even know who will form the government. Government formed by a single majority party, on the other hand; is a government by consent and criticism, and it truly reflects the spirit of political democracy.
It is the consent of the people which returned the majority enabling it to form the government and hold the reins of power. The party in minority forms the Opposition of which the majority is always conscious.Television (TV) is a wonderful invention of modern science.
It has both advantages and disadvantages. It has both advantages and disadvantages. They are each discussed below in points. Feb 13, · An international study looked at the way children spend their leisure time, including TV-watching and computer use, and concluded that in richer countries where a larger percentage of kids watched TV every day, higher scores were achieved on reading benjaminpohle.coms: First developed in UK by John Logie Baird in , TV has today evolved into the most powerful instrument of audio-visual communication.
In modern parlance, television is not just the physical box shaped device with a screen that lets us watch shows such as soap operas and documentaries. Nov 24, · Merits and demerits of tv essays. Posted by on Nov 24, in Merits and demerits of tv essays | 0 comments.
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