Artwork by Sidney Harris. Introduction We are about to take up some of the more speculative topics, like space combat and star travel. To make things work, we will have to bend, and perhaps even break some of the theories of physics. But you have to do it responsibly, remaining true to the spirit if not the letter of the laws of science.
Why sociology is not a science Let me emphasize from the outset that by branding sociology as non-science, I am by no means claiming that it is useless, just as designating medicine and technology as non-science, I am not dismissing their usefulness.
When a company studies the traffic pattern of an intersection to determine if a traffic light is needed on that intersection, it is potentially saving lives.
And when a sociologist studies a gang-infested urban neighborhood, s he may come up with recommendations that could save dozens of lives.
The procedure of gaining knowledge outlined in what is science has been forced by nature itself, and every time it was artificially interjected into a discipline by humans, it has failed.
A prime example of this failure is sociology. Comte thought that the best way to understand society is through the scientific method developed by the natural sciences.
He places fundamental importance on the production of goods and the stratification of the population that results from the mode of production in all historical human societies: Marx believed that the old mode of production is toppled only through a revolution carried out by the oppressed class equipped with the ideology that springs out of that class.
He thought that the ultimate social structure was communism, which was classless, and was achieved via a proletarian revolution. The history of communism from its inception in to its total collapse today, is a testimony to the failure of Marxian sociology.Sociology is a science only in the same way that Scientology, Christian Science, and Astrology are sciences.
Scientific racism (sometimes referred to as race biology, racial biology, or race realism) is the pseudoscientific belief that empirical evidence exists to support or justify racism (racial discrimination), racial inferiority, or racial superiority.
Historically, scientific racist ideas received credence in the scientific community but are no longer considered scientific.
Aeon is a registered charity committed to the spread of knowledge and a cosmopolitan worldview. Our mission is to create a sanctuary online for serious thinking.
One major distinction between science and pseudoscience lies in the concept of falsiﬁability. A central feature (possibly the deﬁning characteristic) of science is the susceptibility of our hypotheses to refutation.
The following was delivered as the commencement address at the California Institute of Technology, on Friday, June 10th. If this place has done its job—and I suspect it has—you’re all.
The difference between Science and Pseudoscience essays "I maintain there is much more wonder in science than in pseudo-science. And in addition to whatever measure this term has any meaning, science has the additional virtue, and it is not an inconsiderable one, of being true" once said.